February 25, 2023
High Cholesterol: The Unseen Enemy
What is High Cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance found in all cells of the body. It helps to build healthy cells and is necessary for certain body functions. High cholesterol is when there is too much cholesterol in the blood.
High cholesterol can be caused by an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, smoking, and genetics. It can lead to serious health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.
What are the Symptoms of High Cholesterol?
High cholesterol usually has no symptoms, so it’s important to get regular cholesterol tests. If the levels are too high, your doctor can help you make lifestyle changes and may prescribe medication.
If high cholesterol is left untreated, it can lead to serious health problems such as heart attack, stroke, and narrowed arteries. These conditions can cause chest pain, shortness of breath, and other symptoms.
How is High Cholesterol Diagnosed?
High cholesterol is diagnosed with a blood test. Your doctor will measure your total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. If your cholesterol levels are too high, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes or medication.
Your doctor may also recommend additional tests, such as an electrocardiogram (ECG) or a stress test, to check for signs of heart disease.
How is High Cholesterol Treated?
The best way to treat high cholesterol is to make lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and quitting smoking. Your doctor may also recommend cholesterol-lowering medications, such as statins.
If lifestyle changes and medications don’t lower your cholesterol levels, your doctor may recommend other treatments, such as angioplasty or coronary artery bypass surgery.
What are the Complications of High Cholesterol?
High cholesterol can lead to serious health problems, such as heart attack and stroke. It can also increase the risk of developing diabetes, kidney disease, and peripheral artery disease.
If high cholesterol is left untreated, it can also lead to a buildup of plaque in the arteries, which can narrow the arteries and increase the risk of blood clots.
How Can High Cholesterol be Prevented?
The best way to prevent high cholesterol is to eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and quit smoking. You should also get regular cholesterol tests to make sure your levels are within a healthy range.
Your doctor may also recommend cholesterol-lowering medications, such as statins, to help lower your cholesterol levels. If you have high cholesterol, it’s important to follow your doctor’s advice to help reduce your risk of serious health problems.